Anatomy of the Circulatory System

The human cardiovascular system carries blood from the heart to all organs and tissues of the body, delivering nutrients and oxygen to them, removing carbon dioxide and other waste products. This is the most important system that has a complex structure. However, to understand the processes occurring in the body, it is necessary to understand […]


Cardiorehabilitation (CR) is a set of measures aimed at the most complete restoration of health, psychological status and working capacity of patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD). To date, this area has turned into a comprehensive program that takes into account CVD risk factors, provides medical literacy and social support for the patient. Below we will […]

Etiology and Pathogenesis of Cardiac Tamponade

Cardiac tamponade is a condition in which fluid accumulates in the pericardial space. Also, this condition is sometimes called pericardial tamponade or pericardial cavity tamponade, which is not entirely true. Below we will talk in detail about the causes and mechanisms of the development of this pathology, and also touch a little on its treatment […]

Etiology, Pathogenesis, Electrophysiology of Ventricular Tachycardia and Sudden Cardiac Death

Ventricular tachycardia and sudden cardiac death (SCD) can be a complication of a number of diseases. They can occur in people without previously identified diseases of the heart and blood vessels. Below we will analyze in detail the origin (etiology), mechanisms for the development of heart rhythm disturbance and its work. The cardiac muscle contains […]