Classification, Pathophysiology of Ebstein’s Anomaly

Ebstein’s anomaly includes a wide range of morphological and clinical manifestations. Those who show symptoms in early infancy tend to be at the highest risk. This pathology affects the tricuspid valve (its other name is right atrioventricular valve) and is a congenital malformation of the cardiovascular system. At the same time, there is a shift […]

Classification, Pathophysiology of Fallot’s Tetrad

Congenital heart defects are a significant medical problem. The presence of even one of them in a child can impose serious restrictions on his life, require treatment and special care; some vices are life-threatening. Tetralogy of Fallot (also named as Fallot’s syndrome, Fallot’s tetrad, Steno-Fallot tetralogy) is a combination of the four vices. This condition […]

Hemodynamic Disturbances in Mitral Stenosis

Mitral stenosis (MS) is a narrowing of the space between the left ventricle and the atrium. This is a fairly common heart disease, which can be either acquired or congenital. In this article, we tried to describe in detail the features of hemodynamics in this pathology, and also briefly touched on general information about this […]

Etiology and Pathogenesis of PE

Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a form of venous thromboembolism (VTE). This condition develops due to the presence of an embolus (blood clot) that restricts blood flow through the pulmonary artery or its branches (they are embolized). This can lead to a life-threatening condition, so correct diagnosis and prompt treatment are very important in PE. In […]