Cardiac tamponade treatment in 69 Cardiac surgery clinics worldwide

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69 clinics specializing in Cardiac surgery providing treatment of Cardiac tamponade Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening condition where fluid accumulates in the sac around the heart, compressing it and impairing its function. It requires immediate medical intervention, including fluid drainage or surgery, to relieve the pressure and restore normal heart function.
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disease worldwide.

Americas · 4
Asia · 28
Europe · 36
Oceania · 1
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Americas · 4 Asia · 28 Europe · 36 Oceania · 1
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Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    ≈ $6,244
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $19,679
  3. Permanent pacemaker implantation
    ≈ $16,298
  4. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
    ≈ $31,433
  5. Cardiac catheterization
    ≈ $5,245
  6. Percutaneous ASD closure
    ≈ $17,519
  7. Percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD)
    ≈ $23,421
  8. Coronary catheterization
    ≈ $4,121
  9. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent insertion
    ≈ $11,142
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Southport, Australia
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Oncology
We’re located on the corner of Parklands Drive and Olsen Avenue in Southport and provide public health services for the Gold Coast and wider community. read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    ≈ $1,267
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $2,511
  3. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    ≈ $7,832
  4. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    ≈ $5,551
  5. Fontan procedure
    ≈ $5,769
  6. Permanent pacemaker implantation
    ≈ $2,959
  7. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
    ≈ $8,073
  8. Cardiac catheterization
    ≈ $875
  9. Percutaneous ASD closure
    ≈ $3,341
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Dhaka, Bangladesh
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
Asgar Ali Hospital is the Best Hospital in Bangladesh. We are a 350 bedded multi-disciplinary tertiary-care Hospital, situated at Gandaria, Dhaka. It is a concern read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    ≈ $1,511
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $7,393
  3. Heart valve replacement
    ≈ $22,184
  4. Heart valve repair
    ≈ $20,679
  5. Aortic valve replacement (AVR)
    ≈ $20,467
  6. Mitral valve replacement (MVR)
    ≈ $15,282
  7. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
    ≈ $30,265
  8. Permanent pacemaker implantation
    ≈ $7,237
  9. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
    ≈ $14,302
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Brno, Czech Republic
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
St. Anne’s University Hospital Brno is a state contributory organization established and directly managed by the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic. University St. read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    ≈ $2,418
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $7,075
  3. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation (ICD)
    from $2,363
  4. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    from $7,089
  5. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    ≈ $16,782
  6. Heart valve replacement
    ≈ $15,016
  7. Heart valve repair
    ≈ $17,928
  8. Aortic valve replacement (AVR)
    ≈ $16,989
  9. Mitral valve replacement (MVR)
    ≈ $12,806
photo
Belgrade, Serbia
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
In one place, you are provided with the highest quality medical assistance by leading specialists and subspecialists from almost all areas of modern medicine.All surgical read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    $384
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $3,405
  3. Fontan procedure
    ≈ $5,777
  4. Permanent pacemaker implantation
    $1,678 - $2,871
  5. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA)
    ≈ $5,983
  6. Cardiac catheterization
    ≈ $940
  7. Percutaneous ASD closure
    $839 - $968
  8. Percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD)
    $959
  9. Coronary catheterization
    $419
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Moscow, Russia
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
Clinical Hospital "Lapino" is a worthy alternative to diagnostics and treatment abroad. The multidisciplinary medical center, with an area of ​​42,000 square meters, is located read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    ≈ $1,511
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $7,393
  3. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    ≈ $5,924
  4. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    ≈ $17,753
  5. Heart valve replacement
    ≈ $22,184
  6. Heart valve repair
    ≈ $20,679
  7. Aortic valve replacement (AVR)
    ≈ $20,467
  8. Mitral valve replacement (MVR)
    ≈ $15,282
  9. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
    ≈ $30,265
photo
České Budějovice, Czech Republic
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
Languages: English, German
The České Budějovice Hospital resembles a small town with its size, number of patients, visitors and employees. The complex has its own kitchen, dining room, read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    ≈ $123
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $1,790
  3. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    ≈ $8,024
  4. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    ≈ $13,058
  5. Heart valve replacement
    ≈ $11,666
  6. Heart valve repair
    ≈ $14,899
  7. Aortic valve replacement (AVR)
    ≈ $15,340
  8. Mitral valve replacement (MVR)
    ≈ $11,135
  9. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
    ≈ $22,248
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Budapest, Hungary
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery
The task of the György Gottsegen National Cardiovascular Institute is the complex cardiovascular examination and non-invasive, invasive therapy of the entire spectrum of cardiovascular diseases read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    $123
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $1,790
  3. Permanent pacemaker implantation
    ≈ $972
  4. Temporary pacemaker implantation
    $130
  5. Leadless Pacemaker implantation Micra and Nanostim
    ≈ $4,829
  6. Management of pacemaker system
    ≈ $463
  7. Loop recorder implantation (ILR)
    ≈ $3,039
  8. Loop recorder removal
    ≈ $1,358
  9. Single chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $5,635
photo
Budapest, Hungary
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Oncology
The National Oncology Institute has been the epidemiological, organizational, methodological, therapeutic, research and educational center of Hungarian oncology for more than half a century. Comparable read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    ≈ $3,865
  2. Pericardial drainage
    by request
  3. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $9,451
  4. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    ≈ $27,778
  5. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    ≈ $22,601
  6. Heart valve replacement
    ≈ $31,004
  7. Heart valve repair
    ≈ $29,400
  8. Aortic valve replacement (AVR)
    ≈ $39,030
  9. Mitral valve replacement (MVR)
    ≈ $26,455
photo
Alicante, Spain
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
Languages: English
Vinalopó Salud is part of the Ribera Health Group and is in charge of the public health management of the Vinalopó Health Department. The read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardial drainage
    by request
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $6,685
  3. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    ≈ $14,700
  4. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    ≈ $15,948
  5. Heart valve replacement
    ≈ $18,165
  6. Heart valve repair
    ≈ $8,400
  7. Aortic valve replacement (AVR)
    ≈ $8,400
  8. Mitral valve replacement (MVR)
    ≈ $18,982
  9. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
    ≈ $36,216
photo
Istanbul, Turkey
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
Languages: Albanian, Arabic, Bulgarian, English, French, Georgian, German, Kurdish, Macedonian, Persian, Romanian, Russian, Serbian, Turkmen, Uzbek, Azerbaijani, Spanish; Castilian
Turkey's Largest Health Complex Housing 4 Hospitals Medipol University Hospital Medipol University Hospital is the Turkey's largest private health investment as a university hospital incorporating read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    ≈ $966
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $5,847
  3. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    ≈ $16,146
  4. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    ≈ $14,696
  5. Heart valve replacement
    ≈ $20,619
  6. Heart valve repair
    ≈ $17,993
  7. Aortic valve replacement (AVR)
    ≈ $20,174
  8. Mitral valve replacement (MVR)
    ≈ $16,134
  9. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
    ≈ $26,262
photo
Santiago, Chile
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
Languages: English
Las Condes Clinic was inaugurated in 1982 with the best quality standards, excellent medical equipment and state-of-the-art technology. The project was conceived with the purpose read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    $606
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $3,405
  3. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    $13,207
  4. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    $10,567
  5. Heart valve replacement
    ≈ $5,650
  6. Heart valve repair
    ≈ $5,605
  7. Aortic valve replacement (AVR)
    $10,567
  8. Mitral valve replacement (MVR)
    ≈ $5,588
  9. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
    ≈ $16,466
photo
Moscow, Russia
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
Languages: English, Russian
JSC «Medicine» (clinic of academician Roytberg) was founded in 1990. Today doctors of 66 specialties provide consultations to patients here. Our staff includes in total read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    $470
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    $940
  3. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    $4,371
  4. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    $5,640
  5. Heart valve replacement
    $4,269 - $7,872
  6. Heart valve repair
    $7,872 - $8,929
  7. Aortic valve replacement (AVR)
    $4,269 - $7,872
  8. Mitral valve replacement (MVR)
    $4,269 - $7,872
  9. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
    $21,149
photo
Moscow, Russia
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery
Federal State Budget Institution «A.N. Bakulev National Medical Research Center of Cardiovascular Surgery» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (A.N. Bakulev NMRCCS) read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    $382
  2. Pericardial drainage
    $2,192
  3. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $2,601
  4. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator implantation (ICD)
    $1,258
  5. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    $6,606
  6. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    $5,150
  7. Heart valve replacement
    ≈ $5,664
  8. Heart valve repair
    $7,269 - $7,455
  9. Aortic valve replacement (AVR)
    $7,266
photo
Astana, Kazakhstan
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Orthopedic surgery
Languages: English, Russian
«National Research Cardiac Surgery Center» JSC was built on the instructions of the Head of State N.A. Nazarbayev to improve access tertiary cardiologic, cardiac surgery read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    $47
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    $2,601
  3. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    $4,250
  4. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    ≈ $6,576
  5. Permanent pacemaker implantation
    ≈ $3,929
  6. Coronary catheterization
    $482
  7. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent insertion
    $666
  8. Temporary pacemaker implantation
    $326
  9. Cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D)
    $10,342
photo
Almaty, Kazakhstan
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
Languages: English, Kazakh, Russian
Central Clinical Hospital – One of the best clinic in the country, having breakthrough diagnostic and treatment technologies, providing a wide range of medical read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    ≈ $8,749
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $27,238
  3. Permanent pacemaker implantation
    ≈ $21,399
  4. Coronary catheterization
    ≈ $5,861
  5. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent insertion
    ≈ $27,633
  6. Single chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $20,295
  7. Cardiac resynchronization therapy with pacemaker (CRT-P)
    ≈ $41,624
  8. Cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D)
    ≈ $55,833
  9. Removal of permanent pacemaker
    ≈ $12,755
photo
Wuhu, China
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
Wuhu conch hospital is a large-scale comprehensive non-profit hospital invested by Anhui Conch Venture Capital Co., Ltd. In order to promote the development of social read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardial drainage
    by request
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $4,450
  3. Permanent pacemaker implantation
    ≈ $4,221
  4. Coronary catheterization
    ≈ $529
  5. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent insertion
    ≈ $3,586
  6. Single chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $3,481
  7. Cardiac resynchronization therapy with pacemaker (CRT-P)
    ≈ $4,277
  8. Cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D)
    ≈ $8,248
  9. Removal of permanent pacemaker
    ≈ $2,545
photo
Hanoi, Vietnam
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
Thanh Nhan Hospital is one of 7 hospitals in the group of Grade I Hospitals in Hanoi. The unit provides inpatient and outpatient examination and read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardial drainage
    by request
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $15,379
  3. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    ≈ $42,603
  4. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    ≈ $32,599
  5. Permanent pacemaker implantation
    ≈ $16,301
  6. Coronary catheterization
    ≈ $3,604
  7. Redo heart surgery
    ≈ $36,924
  8. Septal myectomy
    ≈ $21,514
  9. Repair of the ruptured sinuses of Valsalva
    ≈ $28,022
photo
Nagaizumi, Japan
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Neurosurgery, Oncology
Languages: English
The Shizuoka Cancer Center has the main hospital building, the Proton Therapy Facility, the Palliative Care Ward Annex and the Energy Center. Situated on a read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    ≈ $1,415
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $6,777
  3. Permanent pacemaker implantation
    ≈ $11,356
  4. Cardiac catheterization
    ≈ $2,757
  5. Percutaneous ASD closure
    ≈ $11,776
  6. Percutaneous closure of ventricular septal defect (VSD)
    ≈ $8,691
  7. Coronary catheterization
    ≈ $1,879
  8. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stent insertion
    ≈ $9,965
  9. Transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in adults
    ≈ $5,685
photo
Kuwait City, Kuwait
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Neurosurgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
Languages: English
Dar Al Shifa Hospital is 130 bedded accredited facility constitutes of inpatient rooms (Al Dana, Imperial, Royal, Junior and Standard), labor rooms, neonatal units, Intensive read more
Prices for popular procedures:
  1. Pericardiocentesis
    ≈ $2,030
  2. Dual chamber pacemaker insertion
    ≈ $10,256
  3. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    ≈ $35,536
  4. Off-pump coronary artery bypass
    ≈ $23,632
  5. Heart valve replacement
    ≈ $44,181
  6. Heart valve repair
    ≈ $33,535
  7. Aortic valve replacement (AVR)
    ≈ $38,284
  8. Mitral valve replacement (MVR)
    ≈ $29,697
  9. Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
    ≈ $49,802
photo
Paris, France
Specializations: Cardiac surgery, Vascular surgery, Thoracic surgery, Spine surgery, Orthopedic surgery, Oncology
The hospital's healthcare territory covers the 17th, 18th and 19th arrondissements in Paris and the commune of Saint-Ouen. Specialized and reference care read more

Clinics grouping by rating

Clinic with the highest rating of 5 — Clinical Hospital Lapino in Moscow, Russia and 1 more, clinic with the most reviews number of 3647 — Moolchand Hospital in New Delhi, India.

With rating 4.0 and over — 25 clinics .

Countries with the highest number of clinics treating the diseases:

Cardiac tamponade:

worldwide 69 clinics
Indonesia 5 clinics
Czech Republic 3 clinics
Ireland 3 clinics

Related procedures:

Procedures are likely to be used for Cardiac tamponade treatment: Pericardial drainage and Pericardiocentesis .

Cardiac tamponade - what is this disease?

Etiology and pathogenesis of cardiac tamponade

Cardiac tamponade is a condition in which fluid accumulates in the pericardial space. Also, this condition is sometimes called pericardial tamponade or pericardial cavity tamponade, which is not entirely true. Below we will talk in detail about the causes and mechanisms of the development of this pathology, and also touch a little on its treatment and prognosis.

What is the pericardium and what is it for?

The pericardium is a sac-like structure that surrounds the heart and consists of two layers, the visceral and the parietal. Between the latter there is a space called the pericardial cavity and filled with a small amount of fluid (about 20-30 ml). The visceral plate merges directly with the muscular tissue of the heart, and also covers the pulmonary trunk, the ascending aorta and the segment of the superior vena cava leading to the right atrium.

The task of the pericardium and the pericardial cavity is to reduce the friction of the heart during its work. In addition, the pericardial sac prevents excessive expansion of the cavities of the heart during its diastole (relaxation) and allows you to maintain the correct position of the heart in the mediastinum. Also, the pericardium tightly covers the entire heart, which creates a protective barrier against injury or the spread of the inflammatory process.

Mechanism of development (pathogenesis) of cardiac tamponade

With cardiac tamponade, there is an increase in the volume of fluid in the pericardial cavity, which puts pressure on the heart and reduces the volume of its chambers. With each beat, less blood is ejected, and the heart muscle is put more stress on pumping blood around the body. This process can be caused by a number of reasons, which we will discuss below.

The development of symptoms of the disease is affected by the rate of accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac and, therefore, the rate of increase in intracardiac pressure (pressure inside the heart).

If fluid accumulates very quickly, the pericardial sac can not adapt to the volume of fluid, resulting in a rapid buildup of pressure within the sac. When the fluid accumulates slowly, the parietal sheet of the pericardium is stretched, and its volume increases several times. However, the extent of this stretch is also limited and the patient will develop symptoms at some point. Thus, the amount of fluid in acute tamponade may not exceed 200 ml, and with a long course, the volume of the pericardial sac can often reach more than 500 ml.

In severe cases, cardiac tamponade is the cause of shock, in which the pressure drops to critical numbers, the tissues experience a severe lack of oxygen and nutrients. Often in this case, patients are unconscious.

Reasons for the development of cardiac tamponade

The most common causes of tamponade are pericarditis (inflammation of the pericardium), malignant neoplasms, tuberculosis, and purulent infections. This condition can also result from bleeding into the pericardial space after aortic dissection, cardiac surgery, trauma, and anticoagulant treatment of patients with acute pericarditis.

Other causes of cardiac tamponade are:

  • damage to the heart wall or coronary vessels, including Dressler's Syndrome;
  • condition after radiation therapy;
  • pathology of the lymphatic system.

Below we will analyze in more detail some of the causes of cardiac tamponade.

Aortic dissection

With this pathology, there is a rupture of the inner layer of the largest artery in the human body - the aorta. As a result of this damage, blood under pressure causes separation of the muscular and outer shell of the vessel, which can also lead to their rupture.

Tamponade after surgery

This cause occurs in about a third of all cases of cardiac tamponade. The accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity can be a complication of both open heart surgery (by incision of the chest wall) and endovascular interventions. Cardiac tamponade has been observed in a small number of patients as a result of:

  • coronary angiography;
  • balloon mitral valvuloplasty;
  • treatment of congenital heart defects;
  • implantation of a pacemaker;
  • atrial ablation;
  • coronary revascularization;
  • puncture of the interatrial septum and other interventions.

Often, cardiac tamponade is detected during the intervention or a few hours after it.

Cardiac tamponade and malignancies

Tamponade as an initial manifestation of cancer is rare. However, neoplasms are the cause of about a quarter of cases of accumulation of fluid in the pericardial cavity. In most cases, patients with a combination of cancer and tamponade have a poor prognosis.

Pericarditis

When the pericardial sac becomes inflamed, an excessive amount of inflammatory fluid (exudate) usually accumulates. This condition may be caused by infections, autoimmune processes, or unidentified factors. Rarely, only the pericardium itself becomes inflamed. Usually, this process spreads to other layers of the heart, so pericarditis can be accompanied by damage to the heart muscle (myocarditis) or the inner layer of the heart (endocarditis), and also spread to other parts of the body.

Tuberculosis

This disease is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and most commonly affects the lungs. Tuberculosis is the leading cause of adult death from infectious diseases worldwide and is more common in poor countries. In developed countries, Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection rarely presents with pericardial disease and usually occurs in immunocompromised patients. If left untreated, patients with pericardial tuberculosis live an average of 3.7 months.

Resume

Overall, infections and inflammation account for about 20% of all causes of cardiac tamponade.

If cardiac tamponade is suspected, the doctor must be careful enough to make a correct diagnosis, since in many cases the cause of the disease is not obvious. This pathology is usually considered in any patient with an unexplained increase in the shadow of the heart on an x-ray, a decrease in blood pressure, muffled heart sounds, and swelling of the neck veins. Cardiac tamponade can be life threatening if not diagnosed and treated on time.

The prognosis of the disease largely depends on the etiology. Cardiac tamponade in patients with cancer and pericardial metastasis has a poor short-term prognosis because it is a sign of advanced malignancy. In contrast, patients with cardiac tamponade and a definitive diagnosis of idiopathic pericarditis usually have a good long-term prognosis.

Thus, cardiac tamponade is a condition that can be life-threatening and requires a medical emergency. With this pathology, there is a decrease in cardiac output due to pressure on the heart of fluid from the pericardium. The etiology of the disease includes complications of surgical interventions, malignant neoplasms, infectious and inflammatory processes, aortic dissection, trauma and other conditions.

References:

  1. Shen, X., Fang, Z., Hu, X., Liu, Q., Zhou, T., Tang, J., Zhou, S., & Lu, X. (2011). Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences, 36(1), 74–79.
  2. Bibi, M., Monteiro, J., Oliveira, N., & Pereira, M. (2021). Disseminated Tuberculosis With Cardiac Tamponade in an Immunocompetent Individual. Cureus, 13(7), e16088.
  3. Adler, Y., Charron, P., Imazio, M., Badano, L., Barón-Esquivias, G., Bogaert, J., Brucato, A., Gueret, P., Klingel, K., Lionis, C., Maisch, B., Mayosi, B., Pavie, A., Ristic, A. D., Sabaté Tenas, M., Seferovic, P., Swedberg, K., Tomkowski, W., & ESC Scientific Document Group (2015). 2015 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of pericardial diseases: The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Management of Pericardial Diseases of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)Endorsed by: The European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS). European heart journal, 36(42), 2921–2964.
  4. Imazio, M., & De Ferrari, G. M. (2020). Cardiac tamponade: an educational review. European Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care, 204887262093934. doi:10.1177/2048872620939341.
  5. Harrison`s Principles of Internal Medicine 19/E (Vol.1). Dennis Kasper, Anthony Fauci, Stephen Hauseret all. McGraw-HillEducation 2015 ISBN: 0071802134 ISBN-13(EAN): 9780071802130.
  6. Shlyakhto, E. V. Cardiology: national leadership / ed. E. V. Shlyakhto. - 2nd ed. , revised and additional - Moscow: GEOTAR-Media, 2021. - 800 p. - 800 s. (Series: National Guide) - ISBN 978-5-9704-6092-4.